Poussin, Nicolas

(1594-1665)
   painter
   Nicolas Poussin, who was the founder and greatest practitioner of 17th-century French classical painting, was born in Villers, near Les Andelys, normandy. He studied painting in Paris and probably also Rouen, then in Rome (1624). His early works reflect the influence of Caravaggio and the Mannerists (Mort de Germanicus, Martyre de Ger-manicus, St. Peter's, Rome, 1628). Poussin gained important patrons and in 1631 became a member of the Academy of St. Luke. Returning to France, he was commissioned by Cardinal richelieu to paint Quatre Bacchanales and Triomphe de Neptune, gaining also wealthy patrons and strengthening his ties to the Royal Academy. Works done in this period include L'Enlèvement des Sabines, L'Inspiration du poète, Écho et Narcisse, Orphée et Eurydice, L'Empire de Flore, Les Bergères d'Arcadie, and a series, Quatre Saisons, considered the purest embodiment of French classicism. His works are characterized by calm, structured composition, the use of cool colors and clear lighting, and feelings of solemnity. Poussin believed that art should appeal to the mind rather than the eye, and should present noble themes devoid of triviality and sensuality. These principles became the basis of the French academic style of the 17th century, and his work symbolizes the virtues of order, logic, and clarity. Poussin has influenced the course of French art until the present day. until the 20th century, he remained the dominant inspiration for such classically oriented artists as jacques-louis david, jean-auguste INGRES,and PAUL CÉZANNE.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poussin, Nicolas — • An article about the artist, with bibliography Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Poussin, Nicolas — born 1594, Villers, France died Nov. 19, 1665, Rome, Papal States French painter. Except for two years as court painter to Louis XIII, he spent his entire career in Rome, where he became an admirer of ancient Roman civilization. In early works,… …   Universalium

  • Poussin, Nicolas — (1594 1665)    French artist who was mainly active in Rome. Little is known of Poussin s activities in France prior to his arrival in the papal city in 1624. He is then documented living with Simon Vouet, and in 1626 with François Duquesnoy. The… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Poussin, Nicolas — ► (1594 1665) Pintor francés. Sus obras, de excelente dibujo, son notables por su serenidad y equilibrio: Rebeca y Eliezer, El Diluvio, Moisés salvado de las aguas, El rapto de las sabinas, El Parnaso, etc. * * * (1594, Villers, Francia–19 nov.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Poussin, Nicolas — (June 1594 Villiers bei Les Andelys 11/19/1665) (France / Italy)    Painter. A major figure of the French Baroque period. Trained with the Mannerist Georges Lalle mant and perhaps F. Elle in Paris. Renowned for his landscapes and history… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Poussin,Nicolas — Pous·sin (po͞o săɴʹ), Nicolas. 1594 1665. French painter whose landscapes and historical and religious paintings, such as Holy Family on the Steps (1648), are among the greatest examples of the classical style. * * * …   Universalium

  • POUSSIN, NICOLAS —    one of the most illustrious of French painters, born near Andelys, in Normandy; studied first in Paris and then at Rome, where he first attained celebrity, whence he was in 1640 invited to Paris by Louis XIII., who appointed him painter in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Poussin, Nicolas —  (1594–1665) French painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Poussin — Poussin, Nicolas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nicolas Poussin — Poussin redirects here. For other uses, see Poussin (disambiguation). Nicolas Poussin Self portrait by Nicolas Poussin, 1650 Born June 15, 1594(1594 06 15) nea …   Wikipedia

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